A biometric identification of persons in public space, for example, by video monitoring with automated facial recognition is not to be allowed penal purses in the eu. Promptors must also be banned to use private face recognition databases, such as the us company clearview ai. For this purpose, the eu parliament’s committee on bourgeial freedoms, justice and home affairs in a reporting draft to use artificial intelligence (ki) through police and justice.
The deputies demand a ban on biometric mass monitoring, with the adopted contrainment on the original draft report, as they violate the eu principles of relevance and the necessary. Should be prohibited from any processing of biometric data – including facial images – for law enforcement purposes, "which leads to a mass monitoring in public areas".
"Intelligent lugen recognition system"
The representatives also demand the financing of such biometric research. Thus, they criticize the project iborderctrl, a "intelligent lugen recognition system" for entry into the eu. The commission shall, where appropriate, initiate infringement proceedings against member states that use such techniques.
For face recognition, the committee notes that different systems have different effects and could give legitimate purposes. Prisoners were allowed to use biometric details such as gear, fingerprints, dna or voice for the identification of persons in public space but by no means.
Ki, which discriminates
With the resolution design, parliamentarians highlight the potential for bias and discrimination in the algorithms on which systems are based on ki and machine learning. Since the results of entries such as training data depend, it is important to take into account the bias of the algorithm and to open the program routines in the sense of the clarity of ki.
Currently, ki-based identification systems are inaccurate and can, among other things, can identify ethnic minorities, lgbti persons (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersexual), seniors and women incorrectly, worry the deputies. In it, ki-trimmed predictions are capable of increasing existing discrimination, which is a particularly rough problem in the context of law enforcement and judiciary.
Prohibition of social scoring required
The committee also demands a ban on the award of points to burger on the basis of ki ("social scoring"to). He stresses that this was violated against the principles of fundamental human beings. With such statistical procedures originating from the area of bonus surf, the social behavior of individuals should be assessed.
The eu data protection officers spoke last week for similar specifications. The eu commission intends to prevent only biometric identification from afar in real time with its planned ki rules. A fictitious use of the technology about the search were not affected by this. In addition, the brussels government institution for the live recognition has provided exceptions. Many civil society organizations, on the other hand, require a general ban on use of biometric detection techniques in the public.
For the draft deconution, 36 committee members voted. 24 were against it, six contained. In mid-september, the parliament plenary still decides on the acceptance of the resolution, which is usually followed by the committee.