After just under a year of development, the opensuse project has introduced a new version of its stable linux distribution opensuse leap. Most innovations can be assigned to three sections: the compatibility with the suse linux enterprise (sle), the operation of containers and the subject area of artificial intelligence.
No rough spray makes opensuse leap 15.3 to a few exceptions in puncto supplied software. However, the new version as lts version (long term support, long termination) is also aimed at desktop users and server operators, whom stable software was typically important to be more important than the latest features.
Full compatibility with suse linux enterprise 15
To date, opensuse leap was a mixture of suse linux enterprise (sle) and a variety of additional packages from other sources. With leap 15.3 does this: all basic packages now come directly from the package sources for sle. Simplified will be printed leap for a free counterpart to suse linux enterprise server (sles) and the desktop variant (sled) without commercial support. If (chargeable) support is aware, a change to sle is notative.
With the strong amption of leap to its commercial role model, suse is the diametrically opposite way to the rival red strategy: during this clone of his server product, centos, some time ago in one "praise" for the upcoming red hat enterprise linux converted (and thus rather degraded), suse evaluates his desktop product for server services and offers it full support.
The installer of opensuse and sle now emerge strongly – as well as the system installed at the end. Sle updates can be activated during the initial setup with yast.
New possibilities in the container area
Opensuse leap 15.3 brings all components to operate containers without additional tools. The container administration podman is the distribution in version 2.1.1 at. It comes standard mab in the "rootless"-mode so that containers do not have root permissions. That in turn makes the operation in opensuse leap 15.3 "ex works" very sure. The installation of an additional solution – in the past usually docker in the community edition applied – remotely. The podman version in opensuse leap is now also identical to the in suse linux enterprise server. Admins can ame that containers built on an opensuse system with podman also run smoothly on sle machines.
With the scope of delivery in the new opensuse version also cri-o 1.17.3. Cri-o is the software-side implementation of the current interface for containers, which kubelet expects – ie the kubernetes agent on hosts on which this container should operate. A host with opensuse leap 15.3 lets with installation of the "kubelet"-component very easily turn into a compute knot for kubernetes. In current versions, the system is located on the containerd for controlling containers at local level as well as kubeeadm, which quickly sets up a kubernetes cluster to best practices, at.
The binar compatibility with sle in combination with the improved container features, some admin could open interesting options. If you’re looking for kubernetes, with the new opensuse version, has now the possibility to build a proof-of-concept of an enterprise setup under real conditions and to take later over the detour of suse in productive operation.
Little movement in software and desktops
Even for the mabs of an lts desktop, opensuse leap brings 15.3 partly really old components and software with. From sle 15.3 service pack 3 inherits the distribution about the linux kernel 5.3.18. Linux 5.3 linus torvalds already free in september 2019. Although it emphasizes suse, the kernel – as with lts systems ubroad – to have enriched a variety of back-focused patches from later kernels. So contain the kernel for leap 15.3 for example, the upset patches to operate the distribution on raspberry-pi-4 computers. Especially on particularly current hardware, the old kernel was not allowed to cause difficulties.
The kde desktop is leap 15.3 kde plasma 5.18, which in turn is also an lts release and has been on the hump again and a half years. Instead of the current gnome 40 is gnome 3.34 from the end of 2019. At least xfce 4.16 shows on the high of the time.
For "normal" desktop user includes opensuse leap 15.3 mainly model maintenance. Balancing applications such as firefox, thunderbird or vlc have been updated – even if the narrow bond on sle 15 again ensures that some of the "new" programs look pretty old again. Numerous tools for special purposes such as kdlive, imagemagick or blender also have more carefully modernized the developers. They do not stop providing up-to-date desktop and software versions within the framework of a service releases.
Ki and software development as highlights
A core aspect in the development of leap 15.3 was obviously the artificial intelligence – because from this area it has software in versions in the luggage, which is not consistently cutting-edge, but at least something more on the high time. Among other things, the machine learning frameworks tensorflow and pytorch and onnx, which serves the construction of neuronal networks. For meaningful collecting and visualizing the information gained from machine learning serve in opensuse leap 15.3 prometheus, grafana and loki.
Also reasonably current are the opensuse leap 15.3 supplied geared development tools and scripting languages: go comes in version 1.15, python in version 3.6 and php for lamp setups in version 7.4.6. Oberdies find developers in the new leap version a few exciting functions. The drilled git server pagure is one of them. In addition to the ability to host git directories, it also offers the possibility of managing access permissions on git repositories based on acls. In the "master"-branch of a folder may then only check in a user with special permission code, a function that git does not offer itself. Nevertheless, pagure is significantly slightly different than alternatives such as gitlab.
Download and more information
The bottom line is opensuse leap 15.3 a rather gentle update that scores with even more direct compatibility with sle. Rough version breaks do not make the new system: who opensuse 15.2 operates, takes place before the update to 15.3 not too scary. Who wants to be brand updated software, is with the "rolling release distribution"-variant tumbleweed probably better served.
The new version is available for download on the project’s servers. Overview of all innovations provide the release notes to opensuse leap 15.3 and the feature overview.
- Opensuse: topic page at our site
Correction of cursorisms content improvement:
An employee of the suse team pointed out that the sentence: "however, suse offers artists on the possibility of possibility, support for opensuse leap 15.3 to buy" misleading is: chargeable support will continue to give it only for sle. At least, however, the barrier compatibility was allowed to change the change, unless aware. We have adjusted the text accordingly.